דף הבית arrow English arrow Milestones in the Kibbutz History (Up to the 1980’S)
Milestones in the Kibbutz History (Up to the 1980’S) הדפס שלח לחבר
Ehud Nahir, David Shachar   
The information derives from two sources:  The archives which we believe
were compiled by Ehud Nahir and the 25th anniversary brochure edited by David Shachar.


1939
April 22  - The first group of 45 members, founders of the kibbutz, arrive aboard the Ma’apilim ship Atratto to the shores of Shefayim and are transferred to Givat HaShomer ("the Guard's Hill") north of Kfar Saba.

1940
January – Uri, the first native son of HaOgen, is born.
March – Uriel, the first soldier of the kibbutz, is drafted into the British Army.
The members build bunkers and army barracks for the British Army all over Palestine.
During WWII (1940-45) many of our members take part in various battles.

1941
January – The establishment of a rubber vulcanisation facility (from hereon Vulcanizatsia) near Kfar Malal
The Vienna group joins the Kibbutz
Summer – Shanyo is the first kibbutz member to enlist with the Palmach.

1942
The first Holocaust survivors of the European Hashomer Hatsa'ir movement ‘anchor’ in our Kibbutz.
All the members work at the kibbutz – working in various external locations ceases.
The first truck, a Chevrolet, is bought.

1943
January – The first ‘legal’ children of the kibbutz (the Narkis Group) are born.
The kibbutz takes part in covering-up against the British Army's forcible search for weapons in Ramat HaKovesh and later on in Rishpon, near Herzeliya.
April – A technical division is set up for the Vulcanizatsia.
Summer-Autumn – Youngsters who graduated from the youth education projects in the kibbutzim Bet Alpha, Bet Zera, Shaar HaGolan, Mishmar HaEmek and "Kibbutz Tomorrow" join Ha'ogen.

1944
The kibbutz buys machines from a bankrupt rubber factory and establish their own factory (soles and heels made from rubber).
April – The fifth anniversary of the kibbutz at Beit HaPoalim in Kfar Saba.

1945
While the fighting continues on all fronts in Europe, our delegates (Levi Argov and Moshe Ben David) travel to Europe to save members and reconstruct the movement.
September – A typhoid fever epidemic strikes the kibbutz and 40 members are infected. One succumbs – Aliza Hefler.

1946
Various suggestions for the permanent settlement site are made and the decision is to settle the kibbutz in Wadi situated in the Hefer valley.
Soldiers from the Jewish Brigade and the British Army begin to be discharged and return to the kibbutz.
A soldier-student group (Italians and Hungarians) are accepted into the kibbutz.

1947 
August 28 – The kibbutz settles at Wadi Kubani. The move from Givat HaShomer to the new site continues till 1950.

1948
HaNegbaim (youngsters from Kibbutz Negba) – join the kibbutz. Kibbutz members fight in the front lines of the War of Independence.
The first well is drilled.
The road to the kibbutz is paved.
Autumn – The first children are brought to the kibbutz in Wadi Kubani
December – A youth group (Noar Aleph) from Hungary and Czechoslovakia is accepted into the Kibbutz.

1949
The Kibbutz gets more land, including citrus groves in Kakoon.
The youth group (Noar Bet) from Turkey is accepted into the Kibbutz.

1950
The "foundational" budget for the various agricultural branches is allotted by the Jewish Agency (i.e.. 40 cows for the cowshed, and more).
The last members move from Kfar Saba to the kibbutz in Wadi Kubani.
The 1st calender is bought for the factory.
The polio epidemic hits.
The Arabic-Indian youth group ("Gar'in") arrives.

1951
The first 24 houses in the Senior's neighbourhood (Vatican)
The youth group (Noar Gimmel) from Romania is accepted.
First snow in Israel since the arrival (the kibbutz is temporarily cut off)
The youth group from Persia (Noar Dalet) arrives.
The polio epidemic afflicts 5 of our children.

1952
The drilling of the second (large) well.
The youth group Alonim is accepted into the kibbutz.
A political storm resulting from the Slansky trial in Czechoslovakia shakes up the kibbutz.

1953
The swimming pool is built with the help of all the members.

1954
The beginning of plastic sheet production with the calender.
The third well is drilled in Kakoon.
The youth group (Noar Hey) – Nevatim is accepted into the kibbutz.

1955
September – Our first children (the Narkis Group) move to Ramot Hefer School.

1956
Planting of the citrus grove near “Switzerland”, on the northern periphery of the kibbutz.
Summer – The first batch of HaOgen’s Honey Melons (400 kg) is shipped abroad.
October – Most of our members are mobilised for the Sinai Campaign. Back home people descend into shelters and trenches are dug all around the kibbutz.
 
1957
Autumn – Celebration marking ten years of settlement.

1959
An old rubber spreading machine is bought for the factory.

1961
The children of the first group born in the Kibbutz are drafted into the Israeli Army.

1963  
The Members Club (the Moadon) is inaugurated.

1964
The Narkis and Nevatim members are discharged from the army and become members of the kibbutz.
The "new production system" is initiated in the factory. The first calender is gradually reassigned from rubber to plastics.
A group of members from Kibbutz Gvulot move to Kibbutz HaOgen.
December – Sigal, the kibbutz's first grandchild, is born.

1965
Small refrigerators ‘Amcor-Sibir’ are bought for all the members.

1966
October -  The Culture Hall is opened.
Summer - The beginning of trips abroad organised by the kibbutz.

1967
June 6 - 6 Days War. Many of our members participate in the fighting. We loose a son, Yair Goldberger.
After the war, the first of the volunteers arrive to the kibbutz.

1968
Autumn – The final farewell to the rubber branch in the factory.
The beginning of work on the new shearing system in the factory.
 
1970
The beginning of the Ulpans.
 
1972-1973
25th Jubilee celebrations in the kibbutz.
October – The Yom Kippur war breaks out and many of our members are conscripted.
Ephra Goren, son of Zechariah and Ahuva, is killed in battle on the Golan Heights.

1974 
A huge investment in the B20 calender results in professional and economical hardship.

1977 
The kibbutz celebrates its 30th anniversary and the new dining room is opened.
The youth group Rakefet is welcomed into the kibbutz.

1981 
The youth group Almog joins the kibbutz.
 
1982-3 
The implementation of the largest projects for the members such as colour TV’s, trips abroad and telephones for all.

1939-83
The kibbutz participated in the political scene of the country (local council in Kfar Saba, Workers' Union and the Knesset.
All those years, members of our kibbutz took part in all the battles in Israel.
 
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